So far, the market’s reaction to Turkey’s historic referendum on the adoption of a national presidential system on April 16 has been positive, with local bonds and the currency rallying. Despite a slim margin, this was a major win for President Erdoğan and the Justice and Development Party (AKP). The results lead to further consolidation of power under Erdoğan, who now controls the media (TV, radio and news), the police and the judicial system.

I anticipated this result would be a favorable outcome for the Turkish lira (TRY) and the bond market for the short term as it would eliminate a key lingering political uncertainty. However, longer term this result is likely to be quite negative for Turkey and there are still many questions to monitor.

In my view, the extent of the current rally will depend on the outcome of the following factors/risks:

  • I am skeptical about Erdoğan’s current claim that he does not plan to hold early elections to further consolidate power. The move to a presidential system will not occur until the 2019 election, unless early elections are held. I think it is more likely that he will use whatever opportunity available to transition power as soon as he thinks he can win. Any reshuffling of the cabinet or an early election would likely be viewed as a negative by the markets.
  • Fiscal Policy: The government may announce plans for broad list reforms, including labor, research & development, judicial, education, procurement, transparency, public finance, and tax collection. However, I remain skeptical that any meaningful reforms will actually occur following the referendum. Economic growth will likely continue to be the government’s main focus.
  • Monetary Policy: The central bank of the Republic of Turkey meets on April 24. This meeting will give us insight as to whether the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBT) adheres to their policy directive or succumbs to Erdoğan’s wishes for lower rates. If the CBT caves to Erdoğan’s pressure to cut rates despite escalating inflation, TRY will come under pressure. If not, the TRY should be supported.