Voters across the globe seem to be clamoring for change, and South Korea’s presidential election may be viewed as another example. Moon Jae-in, considered a left-leaning liberal, won the presidential election in South Korea. The victory is significant because of his political stance on a number of issues as well as his background. As a former human rights lawyer and the son of North Korean refugees, he has talked about being more assertive with the United States as well as engaging in a more diplomatic or conciliatory fashion with North Korea.
Moon is inheriting a difficult situation in light of the tense relationship between the United States and North Korea. The US deployment of its antimissile system known as THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) has sparked protests from China and has stimulated opposition in South Korea.
China has seen THAAD as a threat to its interests in the region, and Moon was also against the THAAD installation; he was once quoted as saying that South Koreans have to learn how to say “no” to Americans.
Once he becomes president, Moon will have to deal with a number of other vexing problems and relationships. In my view, most important is South Korea’s economic relationship with China.
It’s interesting to note that North Korean propaganda opposed Moon’s conservative opposition, stating that liberals would be more capable of promoting unification. With the election of Moon, South Korea will have a more left-leaning administration, which will be quite different from former President Park Geun-hye, who was ousted amid a corruption scandal. Park is the daughter of a South Korean leader who imposed a dictatorship on the country and was responsible for encouraging the growth of the chaebols—South Korea’s powerful family-run conglomerates.
On a practical level, Moon has said he would want to start negotiations with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and would want to reopen the Kaesong Industrial Zone, the joint manufacturing project with North Korea which former President Park had closed.
Another policy reversal is expected to be in the realm of the chaebols, which have been a source of public anger in regard to their political influence. It was alleged chaebols were bribing Park’s associates, so it seems many South Koreans are hoping Moon can restore trust with what is expected to be a tough stance on the chaebols.