Everyone Is Losing It Over Inflation. Except Financial Markets
It’s everywhere. At the White House. In consumer data. On earnings calls: Anxiety that inflation is about to gut the economy. Two places it isn’t are the stock and bond markets, where investors have taken Jerome Powell’s “transitory” mantra to heart.
Breakeven rates -- a gauge of bond market inflation expectations -- have barely budged in a month, even after the hottest price print in more than a decade. Meanwhile, tech giants -- thought to be vulnerable to a pickup in price pressures -- have overpowered cyclical shares, which normally fare better in an inflationary environment.
The divide highlights a dynamic that has persisted since pandemic lockdowns began 16 months ago: Economic hardships crimping companies real time, while markets stay calm on grounds this too shall pass. So far it’s been a winning strategy for investors, who stood firm amid the deepest recession in generations and now seem bent on reprising the high-wire act as the latest stresses play out.
“It really is a major dislocation, becoming more apparent as the earnings season goes on,” said Seema Shah, chief global strategist at Principal Global Investors. “Companies don’t have the luxury of looking through current cost pressures as it impacts their businesses right now.”
The mood is far from sanguine outside financial markets. Roughly 87% of S&P 500 companies that have released earnings in July mentioned inflation in conference calls as of last week, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Meanwhile, Americans concerned about higher living costs dragged a consumer sentiment reading below all analysts forecasts this month, and the White House is reportedly shifting its language around inflation to ward off Republican attacks.
It’s a starkly different cross-asset landscape from just a few months ago, when a heady combination of soaring vaccination rates and stimulus checks sent inflation expectations skyrocketing to the highest level in nearly a decade. That weighed on duration-heavy tech shares for a spell, with the Nasdaq 100 briefly entering correction territory in March.