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Ruth Bader Ginsburg devoted much of her career to advancing women’s rights. Despite her heroic efforts to bridge the gender gap, much work remains to be done.

Women can be biased against women

According to an article on BBC, Catherine Nichols, a Boston — based author, sent a summary of her novel to 50 literary agents who were “overwhelmingly female”. She was rejected by 48. Two expressed an interest in seeing more of her work.

She decided to conduct an experiment. She sent the same material to another group of literary agents (also mainly female), but posed as a male author.

She received 17 positive replies.

There’s evidence bias against women is so ingrained in our subconscious that even “avowed feminists” harbor it.

The evolutionary basis for this bias was explained by Mary Ann Sieghart, who describes herself as a “staunch feminist,” as follows: “... if our society is filled disproportionately with men in top positions, we are going to associate ‘male’ with ‘leader’, ‘success’ and ‘competence’ and ‘female’ with ‘home’, ‘children’ and ‘family.’ This overrides any natural bias women might have towards their own kind.”

Gender bias is pervasive

A report by the United Nations came to these stunning conclusions after assessing biases in politics and education (among other areas) in 75 countries:

  1. There are no countries in the world with gender equality.
  1. Almost 90% of men and women have some bias against women.
  2. Almost half of the men surveyed in all countries felt they were more entitled to a job than a woman.